Category Archives: PowerCLI

Stuff related to PowerCLi

Rolling Reboot of VMware ESXi Cluster

Ran into situation where I needed to reboot a full cluster of ESXi hosts. In most cases when I need to reboot Cluster full of hosts I would utilize VUM (VMware Update Manager) to use VMware DRS to move VMs off the host, place the host in maintenance mode, reboot host and when host completes the reboot take server back out of maintenance mode, then move to next host and does for each host in cluster.

I did not need to patch the hosts this time. And Since the cluster had 32 hosts and several VMs I did not want to do this by hand. So used google and was found this script that I wanted to share. I wish I could give credit to the creator but the was on in an archived word press blog.

The script does the following:
Goes through the cluster one host at a time and puts ESXi server maintenance mode, reboots the server and the puts it back online. If VMs are running on the host DRS will need to be enabled in fully automated mode to allow VMs to VMotion off to other hosts (There should also be enough HA capacity in cluster to have 1 host taken offline at a time.

###################
## reboot-vmcluster.ps1 
## Supply the hostname/FQDN for you vcenter server and the name of the cluster you want rebooted
## Script reboots each ESXi server in the cluster one at a time
###################
##################
## Args
##################
# Check to make sure an argument was passed
if ($args.count -ne 2) {
Write-Host “Usage: reboot-vmcluster.ps1 ”
exit
}

# Set vCenter and Cluster name from Arg
$vCenterServer = $args[0]
$ClusterName = $args[1]

##################
## Connect to infrastructure
##################
Connect-VIServer -Server $vCenterServer | Out-Null

##################
## Get Server Objects from the cluster
##################
# Get VMware Server Object based on name passed as arg
$ESXiServers = @(get-cluster $ClusterName | get-vmhost)

##################
## Reboot ESXi Server Function
## Puts an ESXI server in maintenance mode, reboots the server and the puts it back online
## Requires fully automated DRS and enough HA capacity to take a host off line
##################
Function RebootESXiServer ($CurrentServer) {
# Get Server name
$ServerName = $CurrentServer.Name

# Put server in maintenance mode
Write-Host “#### Rebooting $ServerName ####”
Write-Host “Entering Maintenance Mode”
Set-VMhost $CurrentServer -State maintenance -Evacuate | Out-Null

$ServerState = (get-vmhost $ServerName).ConnectionState
if ($ServerState -ne “Maintenance”)
{
Write-Host “Server did not enter maintanenace mode. Cancelling remaining servers”
Disconnect-VIServer -Server $vCenterServer -Confirm:$False
Exit
}
Write-Host “$ServerName is in Maintenance Mode”

# Reboot blade
Write-Host “Rebooting”
Restart-VMHost $CurrentServer -confirm:$false | Out-Null

# Wait for Server to show as down
do {
sleep 15
$ServerState = (get-vmhost $ServerName).ConnectionState
}
while ($ServerState -ne “NotResponding”)
Write-Host “$ServerName is Down”

$j=1
# Wait for server to reboot
do {
sleep 120
$ServerState = (get-vmhost $ServerName).ConnectionState
Write-Host “… Waiting for reboot”
$j++
}
while ($ServerState -ne “Maintenance”)
$RebootTime=$j/2
Write-Host “$ServerName is back up. Took $RebootTime minutes”

# Exit maintenance mode
Write-Host “Exiting Maintenance mode”
Set-VMhost $CurrentServer -State Connected | Out-Null
Write-Host “#### Reboot Complete####”
Write-Host “”
}

##################
## MAIN
##################
foreach ($ESXiServer in $ESXiServers) {
RebootESXiServer ($ESXiServer)
}

##################
## Cleanup
##################
# Close vCenter connection
Disconnect-VIServer -Server $vCenterServer -Confirm:$False

Example of Script Output:

>.\reboot-vmcluster.ps1 vcenter.domain.com demo-cluster
#### Rebooting esxi06.domain.com ####
Entering Maintenance Mode
Rebooting
esxi06.domain.com is Down
Waiting for Reboot ...
Waiting for Reboot ...
Waiting for Reboot ...
esxi06.domain.com is back up
Exiting Maintenance mode
#### Reboot Complete####

#### Rebooting esxi05.domain.com ####
Entering Maintenance Mode
Rebooting
esxi05.domain.com is Down
Waiting for Reboot ...
Waiting for Reboot ...
Waiting for Reboot ...
Waiting for Reboot ...
esxi05.domain.com is back up
Exiting Maintenance mode
#### Reboot Complete####